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Spanning H Street at 7th Street, the Friendship Archway is Chinatown's most visible and beautiful landmark. This glittering gold and red arch is one of largest arches in the world. The arch, decorated in the classical art of the Ming and Qing dynasties with four pillars and five roofs, was dedicated in 1986 by the mayors of Beijing and Washington. A joint one million dollar project between the Washington and Beijing governments was part of an effort to make DC's eight-block Chinatown a world-class center for Asian trade.
The nation's law enforcement officers—federal, state and local, who died in the line of duty are remembered with this memorial in Judiciary Square. Dedicated in 1991, the memorial's blue-gray marble walls contain the names of more than 14,000 officers, the first death dating back to 1794. Designed by local architect Davis Buckley, the memorial sits on three acres of federal park land. Information and tours are available at the adjacent visitor's center, which includes a gift shop.
On April 14, 1865, Abraham Lincoln was shot at Ford's Theater and was brought to this boarding house across the street. Doctors attended to him throughout the night, but he died early the next morning. The house, now a National Historic Site, is open for visitors. It belonged to a tailor, William Petersen. The front and back parlors, as well as the bedroom where Lincoln died, have been restored to their Civil War-era appearance. Though most of the furnishings are not original, the bloodstained pillow and pillowcases are the ones used by Lincoln on that fateful night. A visit here is a solemn affair. Admission is free.
The U.S. Navy Memorial features scenes of Navy valor sculpted on bronze panels. The panels circle a map of the world carved into the sidewalk. Fountains outside the sculpture panels encircle the entire memorial. The nearby museum features a 35-minute film, 'At Sea', and a ship store where military souvenirs are sold. Be sure to browse the names in the log book. The register contains names and pictures of former maritime servicemen and women.
Pennsylvania Avenue alias America's Main Street is one of the renowned streets in the world due to its historic and cultural significance. The historic district is home to numerous famous structures and locations like the White House, Capitol Building, Ford's Theatre, Peace Monument and many more. Back in 1791, the French-American architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant was bestowed with the responsibility of planning the avenue covering the Congress House (the US Capitol Building) on Jenkins Hill (Capitol Hill) and the President's House (the White House) by then president- George Washington. Pennsylvania Avenue was not only Washington's first downtown street but also the place where numerous historical events took place. A few notable mentions being the assassination of Abraham Lincoln and James A. Garfield, six presidential funerals, the celebration of the end of the American Civil War and the presidential election parades. On September 30, 1965, Pennsylvania Avenue was designated as a National Historic Site.
Seeing the nation's capital by bike is not only healthy, but it also allows visitors to get a closer view of DC. This guided bicycle tour takes in many of Washington's magnificent monuments and landmarks; everything from the White House and Washington Monument to the to the Freer Gallery and Rock Creek Park. The standard tour covers about eight miles in three hours. Most of the tour is on paved paths and gravel trails. The company also rents bikes, wheelchairs and scooters.
The National Archives is a bombproof, fireproof facility that protects the nation's most treasured documents. The methods used for storing the documents safely are nearly as interesting as the documents themselves. Sealed glass vaults are raised into the exhibition areas for viewing each day but sink back into safety each night. Here, you will find the most significant of our national documents--the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence. Among the other documents and artifacts housed here are copies of the Magna Carta and the Emancipation Proclamation.