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One of Washington's newest memorials, the Korean War Veterans Memorial pays tribute to the many who fought in the Korean War. Located near the Lincoln Memorial, this monument features statues of 19 soldiers carefully making their way through unknown terrain. Photographic images on a 164-foot granite wall pays tribute to the thousands of others who contributed to the war; nurses, mechanics, crew chiefs and support personnel. Inscribed on the wall are the words: "Freedom Is Not Free."
Vietnam Veterans Memorial was unveiled in 1982, as a tribute to the 58,000 Americans who died in the Vietnam War or remain missing in action. Maya Ying Lin may have been no more than a 21-year-old graduate student when she won the design contest for this memorial, but her work is now etched in the memories of countless visitors who have walked along this black granite wall filled with names.
A 12-foot (4-meter) sculpture of Albert Einstein is seated on a bench in front of the National Academy of Sciences. The sculpture, by Robert Berk, is done in the same style as the artist's famous bust of President John F. Kennedy, located in the Kennedy Center. The Academy of Sciences often features free art exhibits on both science related and non-science related topics.
In close proximity to the celebrated National Mall, lies the West Potomac Park. It is a prominent U.S. National Park that features important memorials like the Korean War Veterans Memorial, World War II Memorial and so forth. Apart from that, you can also enjoy views of the Tidal Basin or take a stroll along the splendid Constitution Gardens. Every year, this park hosts the Cherry Blossom Festival that is well-attended.
Located near the Constitution Gardens is the Reflecting Pool. The Reflecting Pool, as the name suggests, lets you see the mirror images of the Lincoln Memorial and Washington Monument. It has great historical significance and has witnessed major political events. U.S citizens gathered here to listen to the speech delivered by Martin Luther King at the March on Washington. Every year thousands of tourists frequent the place and the calm and deep waters of the pool act as a perfect backdrop for photographs.
The foreign policy of the United States is developed in the rooms of the Department of State building. Of particular interest are the Diplomatic Reception Rooms on the top floor, which are used to entertain heads of state and foreign diplomats. The furnishings include the desk on which the Treaty of Paris was signed and a Paul Revere bowl. It is best to register for a tour in advance. Reservations for summer tours should be made at least three months ahead of a visit.
The District of Columbia War Memorial was built in 1931 to honor the 26,000 residents of Washington, D.C., who served the country in World War I. The structure is erected on a 4-foot-high (1.21 meter) circular marble platform and has the names of 499 Washington residents who died in service during World War I inscribed on it. The marble structure measures 47 feet (14.32 meter) in height and 44 feet (13.41) in diameter and was designed by war veteran and architect Frederick H. Brooke. Another interesting fact is that the funds to construct the memorial were provided by the citizens of the District themselves. In 2014, the District of Columbia War Memorial got listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
An integral part of the West Potomac Park, the Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial is an impressive memorial honoring the life and glory of the legendary civil rights activist. The memorial, which is an extension to his valiant, dignified and equality-seeking identity, is based on the very foundations of justice, hope, and democracy. Laden with motley inscriptions and quotations from his speeches, including the iconic 'I Have a Dream', the memorial site is also home to a 30 foot (9 meters) statue of Martin Luther King, Jr., a pristine white sculpture signifying pride, equality, and an indelible political legacy. Fashioned from white granite, the structure is awash in Social Realist style and has been the subject for artists and critics alike. The crowning glory of Washington D.C., this iconic memorial has ignited a strong sense of political, social and historic integrity among the global audience.